Ceasefire Agreement In South Sudan

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, who moderated the talks this week, said the agreement was a “gift to the people of South Sudan.” Proponents of ceasefire monitoring, including the United States, should reinforce the observers` conclusions by showing that non-compliance has consequences. Direct action must be taken against those responsible for both operational responsibility and accountability for gross offences. There have already been some violations of the ceasefire agreement. This is a worrying development that must be smothered if South Sudan, its neighbours and the world are truly committed to a viable peace process. Nyachangkuoth Rambang Tai, who represents the Organization Mission for Africa, said the ongoing inter-communal conflicts have seen a sharp outpouring over much of South Sudan, despite commitments made as part of a ceasefire agreement between the parties. Meanwhile, floods, grasshoppers and the COVID 19 pandemic have worsened the situation, including the emergency situation for women and girls facing an increase in gender-based violence. She called on the Council to ensure the protection of civilians and stressed that all returns were safe and dignified and that respect for human rights must accompany all changes, including an end to impunity for gender-based violence. She called on Member States to make more resources available to local organizations to continue their peace-building initiatives, and added that efforts must also support transitional justice as an essential instrument to end impunity. “Today, it was possible to restore trust between the parties after the pandemic pause which unfortunately led to the resumption of clashes,” Impagliazzo said, referring to the ceasefire negotiations in January and February. Aly Verjee is a senior advisor at the United States Institute of Peace.

From 2014 to 2015, he was Senior Advisor to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development for South Sudan and, from 2015 to 2016, Chief of Staff of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission, which oversaw the implementation of the 2015 South Sudan Peace Agreement. “I think we reached this agreement in a week because we showed a strong will for peace and the slogans of the revolution, when you have all seen that the old regime has not been able to reach it for more than seven years,” he added. The framework agreement precedes a final settlement and allows access to humanitarian aid, the release of prisoners and the formation of a transitional unity government after four months, Ahmed said.