Sykes Picot Agreement Kurds

The memorandum was forwarded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and circulated for advice. [a] On January 16, Sykes informed the Foreign Ministry that he had spoken to Picot and that he thought Paris would agree. An interdepartmental conference was convened by Nicolson on January 21. Following the meeting, a final draft treaty was circulated to the cabinet on 2 February, the war committee considered itself on 3 February and finally, at a meeting on 4 February between Bonar Law, Chamberlain, Lord Kitchener and others, it was decided: map of the Syrians? Picot Agreement, signed on May 8, 1916 by Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot. (The National Archives/Wikimedia Commons)? On the eve of Sykes-Picot`s centenary in 2016, the media[109] and science[110] generated great interest in the long-term effects of the agreement. The agreement is often referred to as an “artificial” border in the Middle East, “without taking into account ethnic or sectarian characteristics, [which] has led to endless conflicts.” [111] The question of the extent to which Sykes-Picot actually marked the borders of the modern Middle East is controversial. [112] [113] Loevy makes a similar point with respect to sections 4 to 8 of the agreement, referring to the British and French who practiced “Ottoman colonial development as insiders” and that this experience served as a roadmap for subsequent war negotiations. [51] while Khalidi highlighted Britain`s and France`s negotiations on the homs-Baghdad railways in 1913 and 1914, as well as their agreements with Germany in other regions, as a “clear basis” for their subsequent spheres of influence under the agreement. [52] The Sykes-Picot agreement was in direct contradiction to the promises of freedom that the British made to the Arabs in exchange for their support for the collapse of the Ottomans. Minutes recorded at a Big Four meeting in Paris on March 20, 1919, attended by Woodrow Wilson, Georges Clemenceau, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Lloyd George, and Arthur Balfour,[90] set out the British and French vision of the agreement. This was the first topic discussed in the discussion on Syria and Turkey and was the focus of all the discussions that followed. In his doctoral dissertation, Gibson discusses the role that oil then played in British strategic thinking and mentions Mosul Vilayet as the largest potential oil field and France`s 1918 agreement to accept its adherence to Iraq`s mandate (the Clemenceau Lloyd George Agreement) in exchange for a “share of british oil and support elsewhere.” [53] Hussein`s letter of February 18, 1916 appealed to McMahon for 50,000 pounds of gold plus weapons, ammunition, and food, claiming that Feisal was awaiting the arrival of “no less than 100,000 people” for the planned revolt, and McMahon`s response of March 10, 1916 confirmed British approval of the questions and concluded the ten letters of correspondence.